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How to buy a stock in Stock Market? Step-By-Step Explanation.

How to buy a stock in stock market? Now a day, buying a stock is as simple as recharging your mobile or transferring money. All you need is a computer with internet connection, a bank account and some money in that account, obviously.

If you have seen movie Guru (in which Abhishek Bachchan was in leading role based on the life of Dhirubhai Ambani), the scenario of the stock market might scare you. But it was something like 50-60 years back. Now, no physical appearance, no much paper works are required. You can buy a stock sitting in your room in front of your laptop and that too within 2 minutes. How? That’s what I am going to teach you now. How to buy a stock in stock market? Just be with me for the next 5-10 minutes.

Buying shares online is the easy task, but I believe first you need to find that right stock that you should buy. There are few basic works which you should go through to find the best stock for you:

Read and Research:

There are tons of websites on the internet where you can get tutorials for stock market basics and about how to buy a stock in Stock Market? For beginners, I will recommend following websites of moneycontrol, economic times and Investopedia – Sharper Insight. Smarter Investing, Learn how to follow Stock Market and trends- Trade Brains

There are few books which are must-read for the beginners in the stock market. They are:

  • The Intelligent Investor
  • One Up on the wall street
  • Beating the street
  • Common Stocks and uncommon profits

You can read further about Indian stock market from the following useful links:

Now after learning the basics, the main tasks begins. You need to learn how to follow the stock market, their trends, their fluctuations etc.

Get good financial knowledge:

A good financial knowledge is a key for the success in the stock market. You need to understand the fundamentals before entering the stock world. The basics of Earnings per share(EPS), P/E Ratio, Book Value, P/BV, Dividend, Return on Equity(ROE), Return on capital employed(ROCE), debt/equity ratio etc should be known to you before you analyze a stock. You can read further about from these links: Investment BasicsSix Different Types of Stock in Indian Market according to Peter Lynch

Make your dummy portfolio:

A portfolio is nothing but your collection of stocks from different or same sectors. A portfolio shows how many shares you are owning from which sector. Generally, a good portfolio maximizes the profit and minimizes the risk. You can learn how to create your portfolio from this link: How to create your Stock Portfolio?

Follow the stock you’re interested in for few days:

The last step before buying a stock from the stock market is to learn how to follow stocks in the stock market. You should know how to track stocks so that you can buy/sell them at the best time. I advise the beginners to at least follow the stocks for 1 month before buying them. You can learn how to follow a stock from this link: Learn how to follow Stock Market and trends- Trade Brains.

Want to learn more? Here is a best selling book on stock market which I will highly recommend to read: Beating the street by Peter Lynch

Now that you know all the basics for the stock market, you can move further on How to buy a stock in Stock Market?


How to buy a stock in Stock Market?

The basics requirements for buying a stock in the stock market are:

  1. Stockbroker: General people can’t go to a stock exchange and buy/sell stocks. Only members of the stock exchange can buy and sell and they are called the brokers. Every broker should be registered on the Securities and exchange board of India(SEBI). There are a number of brokers/ sub-brokers which you can choose for trading. Some online brokers are Sharekhan, Kotak Securities, ICICI Direct, 5paise and India Bulls.
  2. Saving Account: Obviously you need a saving account for trading in the stock market.
  3. Demat A/C: It’s very simple to open a demat account. Now a day, the banks even offer you to open a 3-in-1 account, i.e. all three Saving+ Demat+ Trading account, by filling few forms just once. The 3-in-1 account will save your timing a lot and I recommend you to open a 3-in-1 account if you want to start trading in the stocks. You can open it in banks like ICICI, SBI, Kotak etc.

    You can decide your online broker for opening demat account depending on the different factors like brokerage charges, facilities offered, annual maintenance charges etc. Here is a link which you may find useful: Compare Online Share Brokers In India And Find Best Stock Broker In India.


    Note: If you open a 3-in-1 account you won’t need to find a stockbroker as the trading account is already included in it.

  4. Laptop and Internet connection: Obviously, the soul of modern era which is a must for all the online facilities.

how-to-buy-a-stock-in-stock-market

NOTE:

The documents required to open a 3-in-1 account are PAN card, Aadhar Card (for address proof) and an ID proof (generally Aadhar/Pan card can also be used as ID card). Once you opened your demat account, you will receive your username and password, and then you can start trading using your account

Also Read:

How to trade in ICICI Direct? Buy/Sell Stocks
How to buy a Stock using SBI demat account?

I hope this post about ‘how to buy a stock in Stock Market’ is useful for the readers. Feel free to comment below or message me if you have any doubts or if you need any further help.

New to stocks and confused where to start? Here’s an amazing online course for the newbie investors: INVESTING IN STOCKS- THE COMPLETE COURSE FOR BEGINNERS. Enroll now and start your stock market journey today!

Hi, I am Kritesh, an NSE Certified Equity Fundamental Analyst. I’m 23-year old and an electrical engineer (NIT Warangal) by qualification. I have a passion for stocks and have spent my last 4+ years learning, investing and educating people about stock market investing. And so, I am delighted to share my learnings with you. #HappyInvesting

Six Different Types of Stock in Indian Market according to Peter Lynch

Six Different Types of Stock in Indian Market according to Peter Lynch:

Peter Lynch is the renowned American investor and ex-manager of Magellan fund at Fidelity investment. He is famous for his averaged 29.2% annual return for the duration of 13 years. The prodigal mutual fund manager divided the stocks into six categories during his investment experience. Namely: slow growers, stalwarts, fast growers, cyclical, asset plays, and turnarounds.

We are also going to follow lynch’s path.  Here are the categories with the examples of stocks from Indian markets so that they are easier to understand.

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Six Different Types of Stock in Indian Market according to Peter Lynch:

1. Slow growers / Sluggards

Slow growers, which originally once were fast growers, can be identified easily with a slow growth rate i.e. a low upward slope of earnings growth and stock price. The growth is usually between 2-5%. They can also be identified by the size and generosity of their dividend.

Peter Lynch did not like to spend time on these ‘sluggards’ and his portfolio consisted of very less percentage of slow growers. According to him, the only reason to buy these stocks is their dividends. They generally give a very good dividend (about 4-6%) and are a good asset during the recession as its very unlikely for their stock to feel too hard.

Example: Reliance, Power Grid Corp

2. The Stalwarts

They are the second type of categories of the Six Different Types of Stock in Indian Market according to Peter Lynch.

These stocks have average growth rate and are usually large companies that have earnings growth in the 10-12 percent range – higher than the slow growers.

According to Peter lynch, you can get a good return from these stocks if you wait for a long time. They generally end up from two-baggers (two times your buying price) to four-baggers. It’s good to have few stalwarts in your portfolio.

Example: HPCL, Bajaj Auto, Mahindra & Mahindra

Best book for Stock Market Beginners– If you are new to stocks, I will highly recommend to read ‘ONE UP ON THE WALL STREET‘ by Peter Lynch. It is available currently at the best price on Amazon.

3. The fast growers

The fast growers are everyone’s first choice. These stocks are generally small aggressive new enterprises and they grow at an impressive rate of 20-25% per year. But one should be open-eyed when they own a fast grower. There is a great likelihood for the fast growers to get hammered if they run out of steam and become a slow grower.

Peter lynch’s portfolio consisted mainly of the fast growers. He looks for fast growers with good balance sheets and which have good profitability. This category is also the lynch’s favorite among the Six Different Types of Stock in Indian Market according to Peter Lynch

Example: MRF, Eicher Motors, axis bank, Infosys, Maruti

4. The Cyclicals

The Cyclical can be distinguished from the fast growers as the cyclical keep on expanding and contracting and again repeating the same cycle (while the fast growers keep on expanding). They tend to flourish when coming out of a recession into a vigorous economy.

Automobiles, Metals, Chemicals, Tyres etc are the examples of the cyclical. Their charts tend to be very up and down over time. It is advised to owning the cyclical only on the right part of the cycle.  That is when they are expanding. Sometimes, it even takes them years before they perform. Timing is everything and you need to be able to detect the early signs that business is falling off or picking up.

Example: GAIL, Coal India, SBI

5. The turnarounds

The turnarounds are identified by Lynch as ‘no growers’ rather than ‘slow growers’. They are potential fatalities that have been badly hammered by the market for one or more of a variety of reasons. But they can make up lost ground very quickly.

Peter lynch identifies different types of turnarounds in his book ‘One up on the Wall Street’ and admits to being burnt by a number of them but suggests that the occasional success can be exciting and rewarding.

Example: Tata Steel, Phoenix Mills etc

6. The Asset Plays

This is the last category from the Six Different Types of Stock in Indian Market according to Peter Lynch.

The asset plays are those stocks whose stocks are greatly undervalued and those stocks that have assets overlooked by the market. These assets may be simply cash that the company is holding but which is not valued when there has been a general market downturn. The cash may be worth more than the market capitalization of the company.

Many of the PSUs are key asset plays because of the real estate property they are holding. For example- State bank of India. SBI has over 24,000 branches all over India. A similar example is ONGC.

Peter lynch understands the worth of the asset plays. He suggests owning few of these stocks in your portfolio as they are most likely to give you a good return in the future. The only significant thing in these stocks is to carefully find these stocks and right estimate for the worth of the assets. If you are able to do it, own that stock.

Try it out yourself!

So, these are the six different types of Stock in Indian Market according to Peter Lynch. If you followed the post, you can also easily categorize any stock in the six types given above. So, go on, play around different stocks and classify them accordingly to above categories.

NOTE: The research on Six Different Types of Stock in Indian Market according to Peter Lynch is derived from his Book ONE UP ON WALL STREET.

Further, please comment below with the name of stocks that fits the above categories. I will really appreciate it and it will be very beneficial for the other post viewers.

New to stocks and confused where to start? Here’s an amazing online course for the newbie investors: INVESTING IN STOCKS- THE COMPLETE COURSE FOR BEGINNERS. Enroll now and start your stock market journey today!

Hi, I am Kritesh, an NSE Certified Equity Fundamental Analyst. I’m 23-year old and an electrical engineer (NIT Warangal) by qualification. I have a passion for stocks and have spent my last 4+ years learning, investing and educating people about stock market investing. And so, I am delighted to share my learnings with you. #HappyInvesting

How to follow Stock Market?

How to follow stock Market Have you ever tried searching stock market on google. If you did, I am sure you must have been dazzled with the search engines result.

There were over 11 crore results for the stock market search on google. Here is what it looks like like after googling:

how to follow stock market google 2

So, it must be easy to follow the stock market. But is it?

The answer is yes and no, both. It depends on your experience knowledge.

For the matured investors, it’s easier to follow the stock market as they have been doing it for years.

However, for the beginners, they get confused on how to follow stock market seeing so many websites on the internet.

Therefore, in this post, I am going to teach you how to follow stock market. These few simple tricks about following the stock market and its trends, which once known, even a beginner can follow the market as a pro.

Please note that this post about ‘how to follow stock market’ is basically for the beginners but the intermediate and advanced level investors can also get benefits from this post.

Further, do read the post till the end as there is a bonus tip for the readers in the last section.

How to follow Stock Market?

Here are few of the simple yet effective financial websites from where you can learn how to follow stock market. I have described how to easily navigate and use these sites. Here it goes:

1. Google : 

Google is the best source to follow a stock. Just type the name of the stock and the google will give you all the details about that stock.

For example, if you want to follow the stock of Tata Motors, just type ‘Tata motors share price’ on google. The result will be like this:

how to follow stock market google

On Google, you can track the share price movement of the stock for a given period of 1 day, 5day, 1 month, 1 year, 5 years or max, by simply clicking on different tabs.

For example, if you click on ‘1 month’ in the tab, you can see the price movement of that stock for the last 1 month.

The simplicity of the google makes it best for the beginners to start following the market.

The only disadvantage of tracking stock market price on Google is that you have to type the names of different stocks every time when you want to track that stocks. If you have many stocks to track, say more than 10 (Ex Reliance, Tata Steel, HPCL, ONGC, BPCL, Titan, Infosys…..) then it will become a hectic job for you as you have to type the stock name over and over again.

Nevertheless, this is the basic place for all the beginners when they start learning how to follow stock market. Therefore, you should also get used to it. Try googling the stock price of few stocks and indexes on google.

Exercise: Type NIFTY on google and see what appears.

Also, try different stocks which you are interested in. This is the first step to learn how to follow stock market. In case, you do not remember much names, here is the list of few major stocks which you can search:

RELIANCE DLF TCS
YESBANK TATASTEEL COALINDIA
AUROPHARMA RELCAPITAL TATAMOTORS
AXISBANK HINDPETRO M&M
ITC HDFCBANK IBULHSGFIN
POWERGRID BAJFINANCE LT
SBIN INFY GAIL
MARUTI SUNPHARMA ASHOKLEY

NOTE: Do not search Facebook, google, Apple’s stock price. There stock prices for these companies will be shown in dollars on google.

Only Indian companies are listed on Indian Stock Exchanges. Therefore, companies like Apple, Facebook, Samsung etc which are not Indian companies can’t be traded in India. They are listed in their respective country’s stock exchange.

For example- Facebook in New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), Samsung in Korea Exchange etc.

If you want to learn stocks from scratch, I will highly recommend you to read this book: ONE UP ON THE WALL STREET By Peter Lynch- best book for stock market beginners.

2. Money control:

Probably the best website in India if you want to learn how to follow stock market.

The website gives you all the info you want to know about a stock.

In addition, there is also a money control mobile app, which is even better than the website. You can easily follow the market using the mobile app.

how to follow stock market money control

how-to-follow-stock-market-stock-quotehow-to-follow-stock-market-stockquote2

Just play around the website/ app and you will easily learn how to follow the stock market.

On the top search box on the website, enter the stock name and you will get all the details which you wish to see.

3. Screener :

screener - how to follow stock market

Screener.in is another of the best financial website for fundamental analysis of stocks. One of the good features of this site is that it lists the pros and cons of the stocks that you are analyzing. All the financial reports of the company like balance sheet, income statement and cash flow are available here.

In addition, you can also download data from this website in excel form. Besides, you can add stocks to your Wishlist to get notifications in your mail if there is any corporate action on the stocks in your Wishlist.

Therefore, you can easily stay updated with the latest news like quarterly results, dividend dates etc once you log in to the site and add the stock names in your Wishlist.

4. Economics Times Market:

This is also one of the best websites to learn how to follow stock market. Just bookmark the website. Along with the stock details, the market news by the economic times also it’s salient feature.

how to follow stock market 2

5. Yahoo Finance :

One of the oldest and most searched finance website for the stock market. This website is very resourceful to learn how to follow stock market. It is very friendly and you will get all the major information which you want to learn about the stock here.

how to follow stock market

 

So, these are the major sources on how to follow stock market.

Surely, there are many other websites also to be followed if you want to keep up-to-date with the market trends. However, for beginners, I recommend you to first familiarize with these websites and get used to how to get the stock information form these sites.

Definitely, these websites will give you all the information that you want to learn about the stock market. Do play on the websites.

Bonus:

Here are the links of all the financial websites discussed in this post for your ease.

  1. Google: http://www.google.com
  2. Money control: http://www.moneycontrol.com
  3. Screener: https://www.screener.in
  4. Economic Times market: http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/markets
  5. Yahoo Finance: https://in.finance.yahoo.com

NOTE: How to follow stock market.

If you think I missed any significant website which needs to be mentioned in our post on how to follow stock market, please comment below. I will be happy to get a feedback.

New to stocks and confused where to start? Here’s an amazing online course for the newbie investors: INVESTING IN STOCKS- THE COMPLETE COURSE FOR BEGINNERS. Enroll now and start your stock market journey today!

dividend dates explained 2

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Hi, I am Kritesh, an NSE Certified Equity Fundamental Analyst. I’m 23-year old and an electrical engineer (NIT Warangal) by qualification. I have a passion for stocks and have spent my last 4+ years learning, investing and educating people about stock market investing. And so, I am delighted to share my learnings with you. #HappyInvesting

How to create your Stock Portfolio?

How to create your stock portfolio? An intelligent investor knows the importance of a smart portfolio. Whether he is investing in stocks, bonds or mutual investment, he always chooses his portfolio smartly. Although most of the people have a different strategy for creating their portfolio, there are few main points that should be taken care when creating your portfolio.

  • Diversification

A smart portfolio is the one, which maximizes the profit and minimizes the risk. The first step of creating an intelligent portfolio is ‘Diversification’.

What diversification means, in general, is to buy stocks from different sectors (Banks, autos, FMCG, energy, IT etc) rather than buying a single or two stocks of huge amount. In short, it can be explained by the old saying- ‘Don’t put all your eggs in the same basket’.

While many people argue that, it makes a lot of sense to invest a huge sum of money on a sure-shot stock (which you are too confident about- example Microsoft, which gave 10 times or more returns). However, we like to differ from the argument.

There are various reasons we can give you to support our conclusion.

First, you never know which stock is next Microsoft. Stocks like Microsoft are only a few among more than 5000 stocks in the stock market. If by any chance you made a mistake or if by bad circumstances, the company is not able to perform as expected, and then your whole sum of money will be in vain & you may be in a tremendous loss. Second, for investing in such a company, you need to be 1000% sure. You need to do a lot of intense investment about the company (which is generally not possible for a retail investor), but if you have a diversified portfolio you can slight risks if you are confident about your other stocks.

For example, if you have 10 good stocks, you can be certain that most of them (8-9) will outperform the market and give you a good result. 1-2 bad stocks in a group of 10 will not affect your overall portfolio. However, in the case of a single stock, it is either win or lose.

If you want to learn more about stock market investing strategies, I will highly recommend you to read this best-selling book: One Up On Wall Street: How To Use What You Already Know To Make Money In the Market by Peter Lynch

Therefore, in this post about How to create your stock portfolio, we suggest our retail investors invest in a diversified portfolio. Do not buy 1 lakh shares of just one company in your portfolio.

The advantages of a diversified portfolio:

  1. Diversification helps you in giving liberty to choose a variety of stock. You need to do extraordinary in all the stocks you choose. If most of the stocks are performing well, then your portfolio will overall be in profit. Like the legendary investor Warren Buffett said ‘You only have to do a very few thing right in your life so long as you don’t do too many things wrong.’
  1. Sometimes some sectors underperform and because of which the stock will underperform. Say, if the bank sector is not performing then your bank stock will be in loss. However, it is very less likely that all other sectors (IT, autos, FMCG etc), will also not perform at the same time. During such times, diversification can help you to remain in profit withholding the stocks of other sectors.
  2. Further, if because of some unpredictable reason, one of your stock is not performing well, but you are confident that it will perform well in future, you can still keep the stock on the stake of your other good-performing stocks. You just need to balance out and be overall in profit. [In undiversified case, if your stock is not performing, you will be in overall loss and which might lead you to sell that potential stock.]

Hence, form the arguments that we just put forward, you must follow the diversified portfolio in the stock investment in order to minimize your losses.

Example of how to create a stock portfolio:

Now, we will give you an example of how to create your stock portfolio using diversified portfolio strategy so that you can get an idea of how to create one.

 

 

Stock Name Sector Price No of Stocks Investment** % in Portfolia
BPCL Oil & Gas 713.12 20 15000 21.28%
IndusInd Bank Bank 1334.22 10 13500 19.15%
Hero Motocorp Auto 3163.05 2 6300 8.94%
Tata Motors Auto 460.20 10 4700 6.67%
Infosys IT 990.45 10 10000 14.18%
Tata Steel Metals 485 20 10000 14.18%
Emami FMCG 1077.55 10 11000 15.60%
Total 70500 100%

 

**Investment is not just Price X (no of stocks). It also includes other charges like brokerage charge, transaction charge, STT, service charge etc.

There are other important points in our discussion about how to create your stock portfolio, which need to be taken care while creating your portfolio, and will be discussed in subsequent posts.

New to stocks and confused where to start? Here’s an amazing online course for the newbie investors: INVESTING IN STOCKS- THE COMPLETE COURSE FOR BEGINNERS. Enroll now and start your stock market journey today!

Hi, I am Kritesh, an NSE Certified Equity Fundamental Analyst. I’m 23-year old and an electrical engineer (NIT Warangal) by qualification. I have a passion for stocks and have spent my last 4+ years learning, investing and educating people about stock market investing. And so, I am delighted to share my learnings with you. #HappyInvesting

What is Bull and Bear market? Stock Market Basics

What is Bull and Bear market?

Bull Market:

A bull market is a market financial situation which is characterized by the investor’s confidence, optimism and positive expectations that good results will continue.

The bull market is generally related to the stock market but it applies to all financial markets like currencies, bonds, commodities etc. During a bull market, everything in the economy is amazing like growing GDP, increased job, rising stock prices etc.

Bull markets often lead to the overvaluation of the stocks as the investors are highly optimistic and believe that the stock will always go up.

Bear Market:

The opposite of a bull market is a bear market, which is typically characterized by a bad economy, fewer jobs, recession, and falling share prices. The investor’s behavior during a bearish market is highly pessimistic as they fear that the stocks will go down and down.

Bear markets make it tough for investors to pick profitable stocks for short term.

NOTE: The ‘bull’ and ‘bear’ words that are used in the market is derived from the way these animals attack their opponents. bull thrusts its horns up into the air upwards, while a bear swipes its paws downward. These actions are metaphors for the movement of a market. If the trend is upwards, it’s a bull market. And, if the trend is downwards, it’s a bear market.

If you want to read further in details, I will highly recommend to read the book- Bulls, Bears and Other Beasts: A Story of the Indian Stock Market by Santosh Nair, one of the best book on Indian Stock Market.


Bull and Bear market example for India:

India’s Bombay Stock Exchange Index, was in a bull market trend for about five years from April 2003 to January 2008 as it increased from 2,900 points to 21,000 points.

Examples of Bear Market in India are – the stock market crashes of 1992 and 1994 and the dotcom crash of 2000. Further, the Great Depression of the 1930’s is the famous example of a bear market in the US.

Like all other markets bull market or the bear market does not last endlessly as no market can last forever. Further, It is difficult to predict the changing trends in the market as it is much influenced by the psychological effects and speculations of investors.

New to stocks and confused where to start? Here’s an amazing online course for the newbie investors: INVESTING IN STOCKS- THE COMPLETE COURSE FOR BEGINNERS. Enroll now and start your stock market journey today!

Hi, I am Kritesh, an NSE Certified Equity Fundamental Analyst. I’m 23-year old and an electrical engineer (NIT Warangal) by qualification. I have a passion for stocks and have spent my last 4+ years learning, investing and educating people about stock market investing. And so, I am delighted to share my learnings with you. #HappyInvesting

What is Nifty? Nifty Meaning Explained for Beginners.

What is Nifty? Nifty Meaning Explained– The NIFTY 50 index is National Stock Exchange of India’s benchmark stock market index for Indian equity market. Nifty is owned and managed by India Index Services and Products (IISL).

  • The base year is taken as 1995 and the base value is set to 1000.
  • Nifty is calculated on 50 stocks actively traded in the NSE
  • 50 top stocks are selected from 24 sectors.

Nifty Meaning: Just as the Sensex which was introduced by the Bombay stock exchange(BSE), Nifty is a major stock index in India introduced by the National stock exchange(NSE).

Also Read: What is Sensex?

NIFTY 50 Index is computed using free float market capitalization method. NIFTY 50 can be used for a variety of purposes such as benchmarking fund portfolios, launching of index funds, ETFs, and structured products.

S. No Company Name Industry Symbol
1 ACC Ltd. CEMENT & CEMENT PRODUCTS ACC
2 Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd. SERVICES ADANIPORTS
3 Ambuja Cements Ltd. CEMENT & CEMENT PRODUCTS AMBUJACEM
4 Asian Paints Ltd. CONSUMER GOODS ASIANPAINT
5 Aurobindo Pharma Ltd. PHARMA AUROPHARMA
6 Axis Bank Ltd. FINANCIAL SERVICES AXISBANK
7 Bajaj Auto Ltd. AUTOMOBILE BAJAJ-AUTO
8 Bank of Baroda FINANCIAL SERVICES BANKBARODA
9 Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING BHEL
10 Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. ENERGY BPCL
11 Bharti Airtel Ltd. TELECOM BHARTIARTL
12 Bharti Infratel Ltd. TELECOM INFRATEL
13 Bosch Ltd. AUTOMOBILE BOSCHLTD
14 Cipla Ltd. PHARMA CIPLA
15 Coal India Ltd. METALS COALINDIA
16 Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd. PHARMA DRREDDY
17 Eicher Motors Ltd. AUTOMOBILE EICHERMOT
18 GAIL (India) Ltd. ENERGY GAIL
19 Grasim Industries Ltd. CEMENT & CEMENT PRODUCTS GRASIM
20 HCL Technologies Ltd. IT HCLTECH
21 HDFC Bank Ltd. FINANCIAL SERVICES HDFCBANK
22 Hero MotoCorp Ltd. AUTOMOBILE HEROMOTOCO
23 Hindalco Industries Ltd. METALS HINDALCO
24 Hindustan Unilever Ltd. CONSUMER GOODS HINDUNILVR
25 Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd. FINANCIAL SERVICES HDFC
26 I T C Ltd. CONSUMER GOODS ITC
27 ICICI Bank Ltd. FINANCIAL SERVICES ICICIBANK
28 Idea Cellular Ltd. TELECOM IDEA
29 IndusInd Bank Ltd. FINANCIAL SERVICES INDUSINDBK
30 Infosys Ltd. IT INFY
31 Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. FINANCIAL SERVICES KOTAKBANK
32 Larsen & Toubro Ltd. CONSTRUCTION LT
33 Lupin Ltd. PHARMA LUPIN
34 Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. AUTOMOBILE M&M
35 Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. AUTOMOBILE MARUTI
36 NTPC Ltd. ENERGY NTPC
37 Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. ENERGY ONGC
38 Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd. ENERGY POWERGRID
39 Reliance Industries Ltd. ENERGY RELIANCE
40 State Bank of India FINANCIAL SERVICES SBIN
41 Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. PHARMA SUNPHARMA
42 Tata Consultancy Services Ltd. IT TCS
43 Tata Motors Ltd DVR AUTOMOBILE TATAMTRDVR
44 Tata Motors Ltd. AUTOMOBILE TATAMOTORS
45 Tata Power Co. Ltd. ENERGY TATAPOWER
46 Tata Steel Ltd. METALS TATASTEEL
47 Tech Mahindra Ltd. IT TECHM
48 UltraTech Cement Ltd. CEMENT & CEMENT PRODUCTS ULTRACEMCO
49 Wipro Ltd. IT WIPRO
50 Yes Bank Ltd. FINANCIAL SERVICES YESBANK
51 Zee Entertainment Enterprises Ltd. MEDIA & ENTERTAINMENT ZEEL

*And the 51st stock is: The Tata Motors DVR. This is a differential voting rights share of Tata Motors. Which is already in the Nifty! Reference: https://www.nseindia.com/content/indices/Method_Nifty_50.pdf https://www.nseindia.com/content/indices/ind_nifty50list.csv https://www.nseindia.com/content/indices/ind_nifty50.pdf

If you want to read further, here is a great book about Indian Stock Market: Bulls, Bears and Other Beasts: A Story of the Indian Stock Market by Santosh Nair

 Tags: Nifty Meaning, nifty meaning explained, what is nifty meaning, explain nifty meaning, nifty meaning India, sensex and nifty meaning, what is sensex and nifty meaning

Hi, I am Kritesh, an NSE Certified Equity Fundamental Analyst. I’m 23-year old and an electrical engineer (NIT Warangal) by qualification. I have a passion for stocks and have spent my last 4+ years learning, investing and educating people about stock market investing. And so, I am delighted to share my learnings with you. #HappyInvesting

How is Sensex calculated?

How is Sensex calculated? Sensex, also called BSE 30, is the market index consisting of 30 well-established and financially sound companies listed on Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).

The methodology used for calculating SENSEX is quite interesting. It is calculated using the ‘Free-float Market Capitalization’ method.

Free-float Market Capitalization:

It is defined as that proportion of the total shares issued by the company that is readily available for trading in the market. It excludes promoter’s holding.

 For example, suppose a company has 1000 shares in total. Out of this, 300 shares are held for the promoters. Hence, only 700 shares are available to the general public for trading. These 700 shares are called the ‘free-floating shares’

Suppose the price of each share is Rs 200.

Then, total market capitalization = 1000 Shares * Rs 200 = Rs 2,00,000

Free float market capitalization = 700 shares * Rs 200 = Rs 1,40,000

Now, for calculating the index, suppose the index consists of two stocks. Stock A and Stock B.

Details Company A Company B
Total Shares 1000 2000
Public holding 700 1000
Promoter’s holding 300 1000
Current Market price 200 300
Total market capitalization 2,00,000 6,00,000
Free float market capitalization 1,40,000 3,00,000
  • As of today, total free float market capitalization (of A & B) = 1,40,000 + 3,00,000 = 4,40,000
  • The year 1978-79 is considered as the base year of the index with a value set to 100.
  • Suppose at that time (1978-79), the total free float market capitalization of the stock was said 11,000.

By using simple maths,

Today Free-float Market Cap Index-Value
1978-79 11,000 100
Today 4,40,000 X

X = (100/11000) * 440000 = 4,000

  • Thus, the value of index today is 4000.
  • THIS IS HOW SENSEX IS CALCULATED.
  • The factor (100/11000) is called index divisor.
Index Formula:

INDEX = Base * (Current market capitalization/ Base market capitalization) 

Here, is the Sensex from 1991 to 2013. Note, the dip at 2008-09 during the great Indian recession.

If you are new to Indian stock market, I will highly recommend you to read this book: How to Avoid Loss and Earn Consistently in the Stock Market: An Easy-To-Understand and Practical Guide for Every Investor by Prasenjit Paul

how is sensex calculated

Hi, I am Kritesh, an NSE Certified Equity Fundamental Analyst. I’m 23-year old and an electrical engineer (NIT Warangal) by qualification. I have a passion for stocks and have spent my last 4+ years learning, investing and educating people about stock market investing. And so, I am delighted to share my learnings with you. #HappyInvesting

what is nifty and sensex share market

What is Nifty and Sensex? Stock Market Basics (For Beginners).

What is Nifty and Sensex? Stock market basics for beginners:

Have you ever heard of the Dalal street or the D Street?

DALAL STREET

Dalal Street, in Mumbai, India is the address of the Bombay Stock Exchange, the biggest stock exchange in India and several related financial firms and institutions. When Bombay Stock Exchange was moved to this new location at the intersection of Bombay Samāchār Marg and Hammam Street, the street next to the building was renamed as Dalal Street.

In Hindi Dalal means “a broker”. The term “Dalal Street” is used in the same way as “Wall Street” in the U.S., referring to the country’s major stock exchanges and overall financial system.

What is Nifty and Sensex?

In order to understand what is nifty and sensex, you need to understand the Indian stock exchanges first. Now, let’s discuss the two major stock exchanges in India i.e the ‘Bombay stock exchange’ and the ‘National stock exchange’ along with their indexes.

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

  • Bombay stock exchange is an Indian stock exchange located at Dalal Street, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  • It was established in 1875 and is Asia’s oldest stock exchange.
  • It is the world’s fastest stock exchange, with a median trade speed of 6 microseconds.
  • The BSE is the world’s 11th largest stock exchange with an overall market capitalization of $1.43 Trillion as of March 2016.
  • More than 5500 companies are publicly listed on the BSE.

What is an Index? Since there are thousands of company listed on a stock exchange, hence it’s really hard to track every single stock to evaluate the market performance at a time. Therefore, a smaller sample is taken which is the representative of the whole market. This small sample is called Index and it helps in the measurement of the value of a section of the stock market. The index is computed from the prices of selected stocks.

SENSEX:

Sensex also called BSE 30, is the market index consisting of 30 well-established and financially sound companies listed on Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).

  • 30 companies are selected on the basis of the free float market capitalization.
  • These are different companies from the different sectors representing a sample of large, liquid and representative companies.
  • The base year of Sensex is 1978-79 and the base value is 100.
  • It is an indicator of market movement.
  • If the Sensex goes down, this tells you that the stock price of most of the major stocks on the BSE has gone down. If Sensex goes up, it means that most of the major stocks in NSE went up during the given period.

For example, suppose the Sensex is 26,000 today. If Sensex drops to 25,950 tomorrow, it means that the majority of the 30 companies financial condition is not good i.e. their share price is falling. 

Here is the list of 30 companies consisting of Sensex as of Jan’2018:

Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone ICICI Bank Ltd Power Grid Corp of India Ltd
Asian Paints Ltd IndusInd Bank Ltd Reliance Industries Ltd
Axis Bank Ltd Infosys Ltd State Bank of India
Bajaj Auto Ltd ITC Ltd Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Bharti Airtel Ltd Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd Tata Consultancy Services Ltd
Coal India Ltd Larsen & Toubro Ltd Tata Motors Ltd
Dr Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd Tata Motors Ltd DVR
HDFC Bank Ltd Maruti Suzuki India Ltd Tata Steel Ltd
Hero MotoCorp Ltd NTPC Ltd Wipro Ltd
Hindustan Unilever Ltd Oil & Natural Gas Corp Ltd Yes Bank Ltd
Housing Development Finance Corp

Source: BSE India

National Stock Exchange (NSE):

The National Stock Exchange (NSE) is the leading stock exchange of India, located in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It was started to end the monopoly of the Bombay stock exchange in the Indian market.

  • NSE was established in 1992 as the first demutualized electronic exchange in the country.
  • It was the first exchange in the country to provide a modern, fully automated screen-based electronic trading system which offered the easy trading facility to the investors spread across the length and breadth of the country.
  • NSE has a total market capitalization of more than US$1.41 trillion, making it the world’s 12th-largest stock exchange as of March 2016.
  • NSE’s index, the NIFTY 50, is used extensively by investors in India and around the world as a barometer of the Indian capital markets.

Also read: How To Invest Rs 10,000 In India for High Returns?

NIFTY:

Nifty, also called NIFTY 50, is the market index consisting of 50 well-established and financially sound companies listed on National Stock Exchange of India (NSE).

  • The base year is taken as 1995 and the base value is set to 1000.
  • Nifty is calculated using 50 large stocks which are actively traded on the NSE.
  • The 50 companies are selected on the basis of the free float market capitalization.
  • Here, the 50 top stocks are selected from different 24 sectors.
  • Nifty is owned and managed by India Index Services and Products (IISL)

Since inception in 1995, Nifty has given a return of 11.13% CAGR (till April 30, 2018).

Also read: Nifty 50 fact sheet

Here is the list of 50 companies consisting of Nifty as of Jan’2018:

Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd. HDFC Bank Ltd. NTPC Ltd.
Ambuja Cements Ltd. Hero MotoCorp Ltd. Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd.
Asian Paints Ltd. Hindalco Industries Ltd. Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd.
Aurobindo Pharma Ltd. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Reliance Industries Ltd.
Axis Bank Ltd. Hindustan Unilever Ltd. State Bank of India
Bajaj Auto Ltd. Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd. Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
Bajaj Finance Ltd. I T C Ltd. Tata Consultancy Services Ltd.
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. ICICI Bank Ltd. Tata Motors Ltd.
Bharti Airtel Ltd. Indiabulls Housing Finance Ltd. Tata Motors Ltd DVR
Bharti Infratel Ltd. Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. Tata Steel Ltd.
Bosch Ltd. IndusInd Bank Ltd. Tech Mahindra Ltd.
Cipla Ltd. Infosys Ltd. UPL Ltd.
Coal India Ltd. Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. UltraTech Cement Ltd.
Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd. Larsen & Toubro Ltd. Vedanta Ltd.
Eicher Motors Ltd. Lupin Ltd. Wipro Ltd.
GAIL (India) Ltd. Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. Yes Bank Ltd.
HCL Technologies Ltd. Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. Zee Entertainment Enterprises Ltd.

Source: NSE India

Quick Note: Please notice that ‘Tata Motors Ltd‘ and ‘Tata Motors Ltd DVR‘ are mentioned separately here. That’s why Nifty has presently 51 stocks listed in it. Nevertheless, as the parent company of both these stocks is same, that’s why Nifty still consists of 50 companies. Do not get confused here!!

NOTE: The Sensex and Nifty are both indicators of market movement. If the Sensex or Nifty go up, it means that most of the stocks in India went up during the given period.  With respect to NIFTY and NSE, we can say that:

  • If Nifty goes up, this means that the stock price of most of the major stocks on NSE has gone up.
  • On the other hand, if nifty goes down, this tells you that the stock price of most of the major stocks on NSE has gone down.

When Sensex/Nifty increases, it shows economic growth of the country. For example, during the Indian recession of 2008-09, the Sensex fell over 12000 points (-60%).  

  Before 2008-09 Recession After Recession
Sensex 21000 8900

The fall in the Sensex was analogous to the recession. Meaning, people were selling their shares and an economic crisis in the country.

Also read:

Importance of Market Index:

  • The market indexes are the barometer for the market behavior. It gives a general idea about whether most of the stocks have gone up or gone down.
  • Often, Market Index is used as a benchmark portfolio performance.
  • It is used as a reflector of investor’s sentiments.
  • Market indexes are used for sorting and comparison of the various companies.
  • Indices act as an underlying for Index Funds, Index Futures, and Options.
  • They are used in passive fund management by Index funds.
  • The index can give a comparison of returns on investments in stock markets as opposed to asset classes such as gold or debt.

That’s all. I hope this post ‘What is nifty and sensex? Stock market basics for beginners’ is helpful to the readers.

If you are new to stocks and want to learn from scratch, here is an amazing 7-day eCourse: HOW TO INVEST IN INDIAN SHARE MARKET. Enroll now and start your share market journey today (It’s FREE) #Happy Investing.

Please comment below if you have any doubts.

Tags: What is nifty and sensex, sensex vs nifty, explain what is nifty and sensex, nifty and sensex explained, meaning of nifty and sensex, what is nifty and sensex and index.

Hi, I am Kritesh, an NSE Certified Equity Fundamental Analyst. I’m 23-year old and an electrical engineer (NIT Warangal) by qualification. I have a passion for stocks and have spent my last 4+ years learning, investing and educating people about stock market investing. And so, I am delighted to share my learnings with you. #HappyInvesting

What are stocks? And what is a Stock Market?

What are stocks?

What is a stock market?

What is Bombay stock exchange (BSE)?

What is National stock exchange (NSE)?

What is Sensex?

What is Nifty?

What is meant be Sensex/Nifty is up or down?

How does upward or downward movement of Sensex/Nifty affect the growth of the country?

What is bull and bear market?

 These are the major questions which are repeatedly asked by the common people of India whenever they hear the financial news of the television or the newspapers or magazines. Although a simple definition of all the above terms can be found easily in a book or internet, it would be simpler and more interesting if we explain the whole scenario in the story form. Later, we will give the standard definition for all the above terms for your better understanding.

It all starts with a company. Let’s say there is a company X. It is a manufacturing company and is doing well in its sector. Now it wants to expand by doing some project or research and development(R&D) in his field. For this company requires capital (money).

 At first, the company will try to get the capital from all the owners to expand the company. Further, when the owners aren’t able to meet the capital needs, it will go the biggest money source, the banks. But this will only increase his debts along with the interests. So, what options the company X has now? Where can the company X get such a large capital from?

The answer is public. The company can collect a large sum of money by giving a little ownership of the company to the public.

 And here begins the journey of the company in the stock market. A stock market (ex BSE, NSE) is a place where the company will be able to present his ownership (in the form of the stocks) to the public. And why will the people buy the stocks of the company X? It totally depends on how positive the people is about the growth of the company in terms of sales, earnings, revenue etc. If the people think that the company will be able to grow to new heights, or if the people believe in the visions of the company X, then, they will buy the stocks to trade their money with the ownership of the company.

 Thus by giving the portion of the ownership, the company is able to pool a great amount of money for its growth and development.

Generally, the company does not offer its complete shares to the public. Almost all of the times the owners (promoters) keep a portion of the stock with them to keep the ownership in their hands.

For example, let’s say the company X decided to provide 10,00,000 shares. Out of the total, it decides to offer 7,00,000 shares to the public and remaining 3,00,000 shares with them. Here, the promoters share will be 30%.

 {We would also like to define the term free-float market capitalization here. It is the product of the total shares offered to the public and the price of per equity share. Let’s say the company X each share price costs Rs 50 and it offers 7,00,000 public shares. Then, the free float market capitalization here will be equal to 50*7,00,000. The total market capitalization (not-free float) will be 50*10,00,000}.

 Now that the company X has decided to enter the stock market. When, the first time the company enters the market, it has to provide an offering price for the shares. This is called initial public offering i.e. IPO (we will discuss IPO in details in later sections). The IPO is offered in the primary market, where the seller is the company and the buyer is the public.

 After the IPO, the stock goes to the secondary market, where the buyer and sellers both are the public. Here, the public generally exchanges the ownership of the company.

That’s the story of the stock and the company X. In the next section, we will discuss the two stock markets in India i.e. Bombay stock exchange (BSE) and National stock exchange (NSE) and their indexes (Sensex/Nifty).

If you want to learn Indian Stock market from scratch, I will highly recommend you to read this book: Bulls, Bears and Other Beasts: A Story of the Indian Stock Market by Santosh Nair

What are stocks? What is a stock market? -Summary

Stock:  A stock is a general term used to describe the ownership of any company. Stock represents a claim on the company’s assets and earnings. As you acquire more stock, your ownership stake in the company becomes greater. Shares, equity, or stock, all basically means the same thing.

Stock Market: The stock market is the market in which shares of publicly held companies are issued and traded either through exchanges or over-the-counter markets. It is a place where shares of publicly listed companies are traded.

The stock market can be split into two main sections: the primary market and the secondary market.

  • Primary Market: It’s where new issues are first sold through initial public offerings. Retail Investors, mutual funds, domestical and foreign institutional investors buy the share from the promoters. Institutional investors typically purchase most of these shares during this first-time issue by the company.
  • Secondary Market: All subsequent trading goes on in the secondary market where participants include both institutional and individual investors.

Initial Public Offering (IPO): An IPO is the first time that the stock of a private company is offered to the public. It is a source of collecting money from the public for the first time in the market to fund its projects. In return, the company gives the share to the investors in the company. IPOs are often issued by smaller, younger companies seeking capital to expand, but they can also be done by large privately owned companies looking to become publicly traded.

Market Capitalization: Market Cap or Market capitalization refers the total market value of a company’s outstanding shares. It is calculated by multiplying a company’s shares outstanding by the current market price of one share. The investment community uses this figure to determine a company’s size, as opposed to using sales or total asset figures.

Hi, I am Kritesh, an NSE Certified Equity Fundamental Analyst. I’m 23-year old and an electrical engineer (NIT Warangal) by qualification. I have a passion for stocks and have spent my last 4+ years learning, investing and educating people about stock market investing. And so, I am delighted to share my learnings with you. #HappyInvesting