Dividend dates explained. There are lots of investors in the stock market who buys a stock only for their dividends. A regular, stable and rising dividend is what these investors are looking for. Mostly, these investors are planning for their retirement or think for a long term.
What is a ‘Dividend’?
A dividend is a distribution of a portion of a company’s earnings, decided by the board of directors, to a class of its shareholders. Dividends can be issued as cash payments, as shares of stock, or other property.
A company’s net profits can be allocated to shareholders via a dividend. Larger, established companies tend to issue regular dividends as they seek to maximize shareholder wealth in ways aside from supernormal growth.
Souce: Invetopedia (http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/dividend.asp)
Here is the list of some of the highest dividend paying companies in India: http://www.getmoneyrich.com/dividend-paying-stocks/
The timing of the buying/selling is the most important factor for these investors. You don’t want to buy these stocks if you won’t be getting any dividend. For example, if you buy these stocks after a certain time, the previous seller might get the dividend as he was holding the stock when the company was recording the name of the shareholder before distribution of dividends.
Therefore, it’s very important for these stock investors to monitor the dates during the quarterly press conference by the company’s board of directors. It’s during the press conference only when the company announces that it is increasing the dividends or the dates when the stockholders will get their dividends.
Understanding the dates mentioned in the press conference is quite important for the investors as it decides the timing of trading of these dividend stocks. And this post for explaining those dates only. So, be with me for the next 5-8 minutes for the post ‘dividend dates explained’.
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Dividend Dates Explained.
In general, there are 4 important dividend dates that every investor should know. They are:
- Dividend Declaration Date
- Record Date
- Ex-Dividend Date
- Payment Date
Among the all four, the Ex-Dividend day is of uttermost importance. You will understand the importance of this date as you read this complete article on the dividend dates explained.
For now, let’s understand all these dates first:
- Dividend Declaration Date:
This is the date on which the company’s board of directors declare the dividends for the stockholders. The conference includes the date of dividend distribution, size of the dividend and the record date.
- Record Date:
On the dividend declaration day, the company also announces the record date. The record date is the date on which your name should be present on the company’s list of shareholders i.e. record book, to get the dividend. Shareholders who are not registered as of this date on the company’s record book will not receive the dividend. According to the company, you are only eligible to get the dividends, if your name is on their book till this record date.
- Ex-Dividend Date:
The Ex-dividend date is usually two days before the record date. In order to be able to get the dividend, you will have to purchase the stock before the ex-dividend date. If you buy the stock on or after the Ex-dividend date, then you won’t get the dividend, instead the previous seller will get the dividend.After the company sets the date of record, the ex-dividend date is set by the stock exchange. So, the two days before the record date is generally used by the stock exchange to give the name of the shareholders to the company. The investors who buy the stock on or after the ex-dividend date won’t be listed on the record book of the company. So, if you purchase a stock on or after the ex-dividend date, you won’t receive a dividend until it is declared for the next time period.
- Payment Date:
This is the date set the by company, on which the dividends are deposited are paid to the stockholders. Only those stock holders whose buy the stock before the Ex-dividend date are entitled to get the dividend.
So, I hope you have understood all the dividend dates explained above. As I already mentioned earlier, the Ex-dividend date is the most important date among all. I will summarize the above dividend dates explained here:
|Type||Declaration Date||Ex-Dividend Date||Record Date||Payment Date|
|Notes||The date the dividend is announced by the company||The date before which you must own the stock to be entitled to the dividend.||The date by which you must be on the company’s record books as a shareholder to receive the dividend.||The date the dividend is paid to shareholders.|
Now, let me give you an example of the company’s board of director’s press conference so that you get a good knowledge of the above dividend dates explained.
Hindustan Zinc Dividend:
“Shares of Hindustan Zinc will turn ex-dividend on Wednesday. The company is paying ₹27.50 a share as second interim dividend for fiscal 2016-17. The record date for the dividend is March 30. 2017”
You can read the complete post here: http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/markets/stock-markets/hindustan-zinc-to-turn-exdividend/article9604920.ece
In the above announcement, the company announced two important points-
Dividend = ₹27.50 per share
Record date = March 30, 2017
The expected Ex-dividend date should be 28th march, 2017 i.e. those investors who buy the stock of Hindustan zinc before 28th Match will be entitled to receive the dividend.
Further, if you want to know the dates of the upcoming dividends payment date, you can get it from the money control website: www.moneycontrol.com/stocks/marketinfo/dividends_declared/
I hope this post about ‘Dividend dates explained’ is helpful to the readers. If you have any doubts or need any further help on the topic ‘dividend dates explained’ feel free to comment below. I will be happy to help you out.
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